The world of technology is booming and has become a place shrouded in mystery and exclusivity. The programmers are expected to have the edge over the coding abilities to stand out from the crowd. In fact, most IT companies prefer developers who have a strong grasp and expertise in dealing with different programming languages. Hence, it becomes imperative to have a deep understanding of programming languages to thrive in big IT companies and it’s always wise to dive deeper into it. However, the odds of getting stuck in this constantly evolving world of technology increase with the abundance of new technologies. You wouldn’t want to invest your time and energy in nitpicking any random programming language and learning it. To ensure that you arrive at the best decision by picking the right programming language, you can assess your abilities by considering the difficulty level, the existing programming language that resonates with your coding skills, your capability to dig deeper into the selected language, and the perpetual demand of that language. Or would it make any sense to learn some unpopular language that might not pay you much or isn’t worth your time and effort? If you want to ace the coding industry, make sure you get your hands on the right language so that you don’t end up messing around your head over the wrong programming language. We’ve compiled the list of the best 8 in-demand programming languages that you can learn without giving a second thought!
What is An in-demand Programming Language?
In a nutshell, programming languages involve a set of rules that enable the conversion of string values into different forms of visual programming languages, machine code, and graphical elements. It’s a way through which the developers or programmers communicate and give commands to computers. When it comes to the language in which a program is written, it’s done in Java, C++, C, and Python. The programming languages are based on coding syntax, which is used to develop software programs for specific task performance. There are two kinds of programming languages.
1. High-level Programming Languages
When it comes to high-level programming languages, you don’t have to get carried away by the word “high”. High-level programming stands for the language that is quite similar to the human language or that the syntax is similar to the English language, making it easy for humans to comprehend. Some of the most popular languages are Java, C++, C, and Python. You can make excellent mobile and web applications with high-level languages.
2. Low-level Programming Languages
Low-level languages can be assembly and machinery languages. Its applicability is to develop programs that are relatively specific to a computer’s hardware and architecture. Often, developers are reluctant to use machine languages as it gets a tad difficult to write programs. This paves the way for assembling languages. However, there isn’t any huge difference in the complexity of both languages, as in assembly language, developers have to be efficient in computer architecture to write it. The assembler also converts it into machine language. Both languages can be used to develop device drivers and operating systems. It’s just not confined to these languages. According to the online history of the Encyclopedia of programming languages, the number of programming languages is quite speculative and is estimated to be around 9,000, which is astounding. However, the rising demand for programming languages is restricted to a few of them based on their popularity and usability. I know, the numbers look quite intimidating. However, in the pool of languages, only a few languages have made it to the top-in-demand programming languages. It’s safest to go with the best-in-demand programming languages to advance your career.
How Did We Compile The List of the Top-Demand Programming Languages?
- Easy to learn and use.
- Minimizes the load on the web server.
- Runs instantly on the web and in client-side browsers.
- Often, it makes cross-browser code difficult to write due to different interpretations by various browsers.
Popularity: Developers find it extremely popular. It’s quite widely used by developers for developing highly scalable applications.
HTML, or HyperText Markup Language, is used to add content and structure text on the web. However, it’s not beneficial on the appearance front. With the help of CSS, cascading style sheets can be used with HTML to look after the font, color, and positions of elements. It might look like these languages are quite easy to use, but it’s just a facade as it’s difficult to develop applications and websites with them. Hence, developers prefer to specialize in different languages. Level: Beginner to Intermediate Prerequisites skills: No prerequisites. Just a basic knowledge of HTML would suffice. HTML Advantages:
- It’s an extensively used markup language that facilitates the structure of a website.
- It’s simple to learn and loads quickly. The best part is that it’s used by various browsers.
- Often, developers face difficulty in the structure of documents as it gets hard to understand.
- It’s a tedious process to maintain the page’s color scheme and create forms, tables, and lists.
- The foremost advantage of using CSS is that the style can be used across various websites.
- Web developers have to minimize coding for each page to enhance the website’s speed.
- Its one instruction can be used to control different areas, which is a great option.
- Often, it becomes a hassle to understand in web browsers whether it’s CSS1 or CSS3.
- The developers have to consistently test the programs by running them in multiple browsers for compatibility, as not all the workings of browsers are the same. What works for one browser might not work for another.
- The security shortage is another setback.
Popularity: More than 55% of developers prefer using this language for web development, making it a popular language.
SQL, or structured query language, is also referred to as the manipulation language. It’s a database management system that provides massive support for developers in retrieving and finding data where it can also be used to delete, update, and add records. It’s an excellent language for database and business management and works great for smaller databases and data management in relational database management systems. However, it’s not too good for larger databases. Level: Beginner to Intermediate Prerequisite skills: It’s good to have a mere knowledge of database management skills, and the boom is good to learn. Advantages:
- SQL is one of the best database communication languages.
- Its query processor has become faster.
- You can easily retrieve, transfer, insert, and delete data. Data manipulation can also be done in the relatively near future.
- There’s no prerequisite to learning this language. It’s absolutely fine if you don’t possess coding abilities.
- The silver lining of learning SQL is its user-friendly characteristics. It implies that the usability of basic keywords such as UPDATE, INSERT, INTO, and SELECT works great and isn’t difficult.
- The interface of SQL isn’t as easy as it seems to work with a database. There are a few versions of SQL that aren’t affordable, and hence it restricts the developers from using them.
- Databases lack indefinite control due to inaccessible business rules.
Popularity: More than 49% of developers are drifting towards the usability of this language.
Python is an open-source programming language that is used to develop 3D and 2D applications that involve Autodesk, Blender, Inkscape, and many more. Also, its usability extends to developing amazing video games. The readability of Python makes it stand out amongst other popular languages. Needless to mention, it’s backed by a large supportive community, ease of integration with web services, GUI-based desktop applications, user-friendly data structures, and an easy-to-learn language making it a go-to language for developers. Level: Beginners can quickly absorb this language. Prerequisite skills: abstract thinking, and problem-solving skills. Advantages:
- Its usability is quite flexible.
- It’s easy to learn and intuitively read.
- It’s scripted.
- It’s scripted rather than compiled.
- The fundamentals aren’t covered, and hence you need to be well-versed with basic concepts.
Popularity: Its usability is growing tremendously in both the business and technology industries.
- It works best for larger projects.
- Its GitHub community is constantly growing.
Popularity: It’s rapidly gaining traction among programmers, particularly for large-scale programs.
- You will be able to access and manipulate the most important computer functions, such as the file system, graphics, and sound, for any reasonably sophisticated and modern program that can run on any operating system.
- It’s considered a good starting point for learning to think like a programmer and gaining coding skills.
- There is a lot of new vocabulary to learn; this is a higher-level language.
Popularity: It’s always in high demand.
You’d be amazed to know that PHP has been used in the development of various websites such as Yahoo and Facebook and has been popular since 1990. With PHP, developers can easily create server-side scripts and command-line scripts. Just a basic knowledge of PHP will help with severed side scripts, and once you get expertise, you will also be able to make some incredible web applications. Level: Beginner to Intermediate Prerequisite skills: It becomes far easier to learn if you’ve got a clear understanding of the basics of programming languages. Advantages:
- It’s quite flexible with databases.
- It’s easy to learn, and develop, and can be used in integration with different tools.
- It’s cost-efficient, making it an ideal language to learn and use indefinitely.
- It’s not best for developing larger applications.
- Its poor capability of error detection makes it a denial for a large number of applications.
- It’s not well secured.
Popularity: It’s a very active programming language that’s used for every other website development. Isn’t it great?
C# is an object-oriented language. It is often used by developers for the.NET framework, Windows, Android, and iOS. It’s ideal for developing business applications as it’s interoperable with high scalability. Hence, it’s used for various business requirements. Level: Intermediate Prerequisite skills: Basic knowledge of coding is sufficient to learn C#. Advantages:
- It’s scalable and can be easily updated.
- It’s simple to learn and use.
- It has a huge library.
- It relies on the Microsoft.net framework.
Popularity: It’s not quite popular.
Programming Languages That Will Trend in 2024
Curious about what 2024 will bring to the programming world? You are at the right place. This article brings you the newest trends in the programming world.
So, without any wait, let’s have a look at the programming languages that will be trending in 2024 and the coming years.
Rust is a multi-paradigm system programming language that enables everyone to build efficient and reliable software. Syntactically, Rust is similar to C++ however it provides better memory safety, along with maintaining high performance.
Rust has been successful in proving itself as a great language with a vibrant and active community. With Facebook building its biggest project ever, Libra, on Rust, we can clearly say that Rust has made off. And, this year Rust is sure to become mainstream officially.
Here are the operating system and related components that are programmed in Rust:
- Magic Pocket
Python, released in 1991, was created by Guido van Rossum. Python is one of the simplest languages, which is also high-level, user-friendly, easy-to-learn and fast-to-code.
According to a report from the IEEE spectrum, Python reigns in the enterprise, web and embedded programming landscapes and is a king for a majority of ranking metrics. Python is a gold mine of opportunities that help developers to build virtual-based reality applications. This versatile language offers a seamless experience, aids in creating a wide range of applications using trending technologies like machine learning and artificial intelligence.
Few applications of Python include:
- Operating System Development
- Enterprise and business applications
- Web Framework and Application development
- Graphical User Interface Desktop Application Development
- For Prototyping
Java appeared in the industry in 1995, with a flexible option to run any browser window. Java is a general-purpose programming language that is class-based, simultaneous and object-oriented. Java was designed to allow application developers to write code once and run it anywhere without recompiling.
A recent survey conducted by the TIOBE stated that Java is a top programming language.
Java adapts to a dynamic environment, which means promotes dynamic allocation of memory, which increases the performance of the application and reduces memory. By using a bytecode, which can be easily translated into machine code, Java achieves high efficiency.
Java is mainly used in the development of:
- Embedded Systems and Web Applications
- Development of Application Servers and Web Servers
- Development of Enterprise Applications
- Development of Game Engine and Cloud Application
- Development of Distributed Application
Swift programming language was introduced in June 2014 by Apple Inc. It is multi-paradigm, general-purpose, iOS app development programming language for iOS, iPads, TVOS, macOS, Linus, watches and Z/OS.
This powerful and intuitive programming language is designed to work with Apple’s Cocoa framework. The primary aim of Swift was helping developers to build applications that can run efficiently on Apple devices. Swift removes all the unsafe codes and tracks all the errors which eliminate the incorrect application operation.
Here are a few applications of Swift:
- Mac OS Desktop Application
- Development of iOS Application
- Web Server Application Development
- Web Application Development
- Mobile App Development
- Smart Watch Application
- Game Development using HTML5
PHP, also known as Hypertext Preprocessors, is a widely used language for web-based applications. It enables developers to create interactive and dynamic web pages that effectively work with the database. PHP, being easily embedded in HTML files and HTML codes, is also considered as a general-purpose programming language. If you wish to get development from the server-side, then this is the language you wish to choose.
Here are some of the applications of PHP:
- eCommerce Web Application
- Web Application Development
- Development of CMS
- Image Processing and Graphics Design
- Development of Data Representation System.
Ruby, designed by Yukihiro Matsumoto, is an object-oriented scripting programming language. Some of the top organizations like Groupon, Motorola, Scribd and Github are utilizing this general-purpose programming language.
This flexible language helps in redesigning existing parts and enables users to alter parts freely. It doesn’t need any variable declaration and generally prefers English keywords.
Ruby is mainly utilized for building:
- Web Application Development
- Server-Side Application Development
Kotlin, designed by JetBrains, made its first appearance in 2011. Kotlin has gained momentum as an official language for Google and Android. It is popular as one of the best statistically typed, cross-platform, general-purpose programming language.
Kotlin is a distinct language that is expected to boost productivity in 2020. This modern language is beneficial for beginners and can be used as an entry point for web development. Utilizing the Kotlin multi-platform framework, one can select a shared codebase that runs two platforms at the same time.
Here are some of the applications of Kotlin:
- Android Application Development
- Native Application Development.
Comparing languages and choosing the right one for your project is an intimidating job. Figuring out which language is best for you to depend on the requirements and the futuristic approach that you wish to follow in 2020. Considering the rapid growth in the tech industry, it would not be wrong to say all the languages are essential to building a next-generation app.
You must have a decent idea about these programming languages and why they have made developers go head over heels. Make sure you select the right language for you based on your interest, and its scope in the future. Contact our experts or visit our website and choose from a global talent pool.