Bringing an idea to execution, engaging target users, and driving profit. Isn’t the app in development is more than a tough task?
The competition in the mobile market is rising to the next level, and coming up with an off-putting and buggy application that is built using an outdated tech stack is a bad idea. This will not only hamper the reputation of the firm but also make your competitors succeed.
To prevent any danger to your brand value and deliver an outstanding experience, it is crucial to choose the right technology stack for mobile app development. The right technology stack will not only give life to your project but will also make it scalable and committed to the functional requirements. In addition to this, a wisely chosen technology stack results in lower costs and less time for mobile app development.
Here are the top technology stacks that can you choose to create a top-quality application:
Native App Development
Native App Development includes using platform-specific software development kits, programming languages and other tools provided by operating system vendors. As a result, building native applications requires you to employ separate mobile app development technologies for each. Popular applications like Pokemon GO and Lyft utilize the native approach.
Technology Stack for iOS Apps in 2023
Here is a mobile app technology stack for building a native iOS application
Based on C, Objective C is a High-Level Language, developed for building iOS applications before the inception of Swift. This superset of C language is used by several app development companies to build applications for Mac, iPad, iPhone, Apple Watch, and more devices.
Some of the reasons which make Objective C the reliable option are:
- Easy use of private APIs
- Compatibility with C++
- Massive community support
- Plenty of third-party libraries
- Highly approved
- Simple and accessible to Apple technologies
Swift, a widely-used programming language for building top-notch iOS and OS X applications, is a multi-paradigm open-source language. A recent survey by Stack Overflow shows that Swift is the highly preferred language by the professional developer community.
Here are a few reasons why Swift is in the focus of attention:
- Faster and better performance
- Compatible with Objective C
- Multi-device support
- Dynamic libraries
- Active community support
- Safe and less prone to errors.
Toolkit: Apple Xcode:
If you are using Swift as the programming language for developing the native application, then you will need Apple Xcode as the toolkit. The full-featured development environment offered by the Apple Xcode toolkit lets you create mobile as well as desktop applications. Xcode comes with instrumentation and debugging tools, integrated support for Git repositories, a graphical editor to build user interfaces and integrated documentation.
SDK: iOS SDK
The iOS SDK includes an API that serves as a link between software applications and their platform. APIs can be built in several ways and include helpful programming tools.
Technology Stack for Android Apps in 2023
Here is the mobile app technology stack for building native Android application
Programming Language: Java
For Android App Development, Java is always at the top of the list. Java is an object-oriented programming language that comes with rich libraries and tools that make it easy to craft top-quality mobile applications. Here are some of the reasons which make Java one of the preferred languages to craft Android applications:
- Portable and scalable
- Highly secured
- Automatic memory management
- Multi-threading capability
- Huge open source support ecosystem.
Programming Language: Kotlin
When compared to Java, Kotlin is new and came into existence in 2011. The language is a perfect solution that combines simplicity and power.
Kotlin is not only a popular OOP language but also supports high-order functions and lambadas. It increases speed and makes it easier to perform day-to-day development tasks.
Here are the benefits of using Kotlin:
- Language is concise and safe
- Extension functions
- Active community
- It helps to reduce bugs.
Toolkit: Android Studio and Android Developer Tools
Android Studio comes with performance tooling, code editing, flexible and instant build/deploy system. It helps you in building high-quality and unique applications.
Android Developer Tools offers Android-specific coding support and let developers use emulators, graphical UI builder, on-device debugging tools, and scriptable test automation support.
SDK: Android SDK
Android SDK uses components that can be downloaded separately. Third-party add-ons are also available for download.
Both Apple and Google provide app developers with interface elements, development tools and SDKs.
Cross-Platform App Development
This approach means developing a mobile application that can be used flawlessly on multiple mobile platforms. A cross-platform approach allows developers to build an application using a single code base, which can run on different platforms simultaneously.
You can also use the Typescript language to build a cross-platform application. Typescript provides excellent features for quick and easy error detection when writing React components. Generic components are of great benefit in the TypeScript toolbox. They provide an extra level of safety when tightening the feedback loop, writing components and helping you find errors quickly.
Xamarin is a tool for cross-platform mobile app development, which uses C# as the main-language for cross-platform development. C# is a statically typed language with IDE support and mature tooling. Apps written in C# are cross-compiled to native iOS and Android binaries. It’s even possible to use functionality from within C## code and device-specific APIs. For example, applications like Slack and Pinterest are built with Xamarin.
Hybrid App Development
Technology Stack for Hybrid Apps in 2023
There is a different framework for cross-platform app development. Here are a few of them:
Developers mainly rely on CSS and HTML to build the user interface as PhoneGap supports libraries such as Angular JS, jQuery and Knockout.js.
While using Cordova, developers don’t rely only on HTML and CSS to build the user interface as it supports numerous frameworks and libraries such as Angular JS, jQuery and Knockout.js.
Ionic is an Angular JS-based framework, which is why it supports the community with a famous framework and shares a whole set of advantages. The critical ability to make hybrid applications have a native look is also well implemented with Ionic.
With Ionic, you just need to design an application once and you can deploy it across Android, iOS, and Windows devices. The key benefits of using Ionic include:
- Supports robust development
- No need to code everything from scratch
- Several ready-made plugins
- AngularJS compatible
- Engaged community
Which backend technologies are suitable for mobile app development projects?
The aforementioned are the trending technology stack for mobile app development. You can choose the one which aligns best with your vision and the needs of your project. The informed choice will not only make a dominating presence in the web world but will also help you hit the moon.